The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) made headlines in 2019 with crucial enforcement decisions and policy discussions affecting the dietary supplement industry. Some of the next steps seemed almost predictable until the newswire blew up in March 2019 with some unexpected news.
When FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb announced plans to leave the agency in April 2019, the news not only came as a surprise to many in FDA-regulated industries, it added a jolt of uncertainty about the future of CBD regulation.
Just days earlier, Gottlieb had revealed plans to kick off public hearings in April to get input on how the agency should move forward with CBD legalization rules. The commissioner had already assembled a task force of senior officials to begin drafting regulations after the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 legalized the cultivation and sale of hemp in the United States. Meanwhile, USDA is seeking public comments to inform the rulemaking process for regulations on the production and sale of hemp.
“There’s not a good proxy for us doing this through regulation, and if we get comments back and find this is sufficiently complicated for the agency, we will come back and have a conversation with Congress on with how we might be able to work together on this,” Gottlieb testified before a House Appropriations Committee recently. He also suggested additional legislation might be necessary if implementation appears to be taking too long.
CBD stocks fell across the board in the wake of Gottlieb’s announced departure, and the topic was top-of-mind for many at the Natural Products Expo West 2019.
“Gottlieb’s comments regarding public engagement on CBD were important, among other reasons, because they reflected the agency’s and his commitment to devoting resources directly to CBD regulation,” Boulder, Colorado, attorney Jason Sapsin explained. “But there are significant limits on those resources and on FDA’s authority to ‘bend’ existing statutory law and regulations, as he explicitly recognized. Perhaps the closest FDA could come swiftly to addressing both safety and access concerns would be creating ‘safe harbors’ within which the agency would exercise enforcement discretion.”
However, Sapsin added, this would probably need “strong leadership and determination from the highest levels of FDA I have to think that now, with Dr. Gottlieb’s resignation, it will be difficult for the agency to maintain the resolve and ability aggressively to push this or other options forward in the near term.”
Before his announcement, Gottlieb spoke at the Brookings Institution, where he discussed the way forward with CBDs. He suggested the agency would take more than four years to be “done” with CBD. The normal rulemaking process typically takes from two to three years, and Gottlieb suggested CBD would be much more complicated to regulate.
Just last week, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar III named National Cancer Institute director Dr. Norman E. (Ned) Sharpless as acting commissioner of the FDA.
“Dr. Sharpless’s deep scientific background and expertise will make him a strong leader for FDA,” Azar said in a statement announcing the temporary appointment. “There will be no letup in the agency’s focus, from ongoing efforts on drug approvals and combating the opioid crisis to modernizing food safety and addressing the rapid rise in youth use of e-cigarettes.”
President Trump is responsible for naming a permanent replacement, which is subject to Senate confirmation.
Food, beverage, and dietary supplement manufacturers have been eager for the legalization of CBD and hemp since the market potential remains largely untapped. Likewise, CBD suppliers have been clamoring for federal regulation to help sort out the confusion surrounding this burgeoning market.
While the farm bill does legalize hemp production and cultivation, most states still outlaw the hemp and CBD. For example, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, and North Carolina quickly moved to get hemp and CBD pulled from store shelves.
As it stands now, food, beverage, and supplement manufacturers are allowed – by federal law – to use hemp in their products, which can include CBD as a natural constituent. But they can’t use CBD by itself. They also can’t make any therapeutic or structure/function claims based on the presence of CBD in their products.
It’s clear from talking to manufacturers, suppliers, retailers, and other stakeholders that there is a sense of urgency to remove the legal obstacles that hinder the growth of this market.
To make things a little easier, TraceGains worked with Sapsin to put together a Hemp Legalization FAQ to help clear up some of the confusion. You can download it here.